Strengthening nuclear innovators – Bootcamp at Berkeley

The Nuclear Innovation Alliance is partnering with universities, national labs, think tanks, the Department of Energy and corporations including Southern Co., Google, Transatomic, Terrestrial Energy, and TerraPower to offer the first Nuclear Innovation Bootcamp August 1-12 at the University of California, Berkeley.

Bootcamp560

Twenty-five students (graduate students or undergraduates who will have completed their third year of study) will engage in a two week program. Areas in nuclear that would benefit from innovation are not limited to engineering. The organizers of this initial bootcamp are seeking to attract students from a diverse set of backgrounds with possible majors including economics, policy, communications, journalism, design, physics and engineering.

The student out of pocket cost (their “skin in the game” in addition to investing a valuable two weeks of summer) is a $200 registration fee plus paying for their transportation to and from the Berkeley campus. Room and board will be provided. (That price, by the way, is lower in nominal dollars than the church-sponsored summer camp I attended in the 1960s. In my opinion, it is a very good deal.)

Deadline for applications is May 11. Students will be informed whether or not they have been accepted no later than May 31.

The curriculum is based on the Sutardja Center for Entrepreneurship & Technology’s Berkeley Method of Entrepreneurship program (BMOE) for entrepreneurship and innovation, while nuclear specific topics will be introduced and discussed under the leadership of experts in the field. Here’s list of confirmed speakers (subject to change).

Person Company Session
Mike Kurzeja Exelon Context presentations and/or crosscutting panel (first day)
Leslie Dewan Transatomic Context presentations and/or crosscutting panel (first day) and/or startup
Phil Hildebrandt INL Design Choices in Existing Reactors: Lessons Learned
Ryan Falvey CFS Innovation Innovation in Highly Regulated Fields (Biotech, Space, Finance, Travel?)
Todd Allen Third Way Navigating the Political Landscape
Jacopo Buongiorno MIT Offshore reactor case study
Ray Rothrock Venrock Getting funded as a startup AND Finance for long-lead
Raluca Scarlatt U Wisc Organizing Ethics and Responsible Design
Per Peterson UCB Organizing Highlights and Challenges in Advanced Nuclear Technology
Irfan Ali Advanced Reactor Concepts Presentations with Judging
Phil Russell INPO Safety Philosophy, Safety Goals, Defense in Depth
Jessica Lovering Breakthrough Institute Understanding Energy Markets
W. Holland Holland Consulting Understanding IP
Michael Van Loy Mintz Understanding IP
Sebastien Lounis Cyclotron Road What is it Like / Opportunities at an Incubator or Accelerator?
Nathan Gililand General Fusion What is it like in startup and/or startup financing
Linda Pouliot Hardware Startup What is it Like to Be in a Startup?
Jeremy Conrad Lemnos Labs What it’s like in startup / Getting funded as startup
Ed Blandford UNM Working with Licensing and Regulation in Nuclear
Mike Safyan Planet Labs Innovation in other highly regulated industries

Of course, bootcamps are not passive learning experiences.

Students will be grouped together into five design teams and will have opportunities to immediately exercise their newly developed knowledge with their team as they build up to the program’s conclusion. Here is the description of the climax event of the two week program:

Completion: Teams will present their designs at the program’s conclusion to an audience including company representatives, potential private investors, technical experts, relevant NGOs, and Department of Energy program managers. There will be judges and a cash prize. This will be a half-day session followed by a reception.
(Note: Nothing like a little competition and a cash prize to motivate entrepreneurial enthusiasm.)

The NIA’s plan is to learn from experience, continue to develop the concept and the curriculum, and expand the training to a six to eight week long session beginning in the summer of 2017.

If only I was a student again. [Wistfully, with a sigh.]

Columnists declare nuclear to be uncompetitive

On Saturday, April 30, Leonard Hyman & William Tilles published an opinion column on Oilprice.com headlined Lets (sic) Stop Pretending Nuclear Power Is Commercially Viable.

Aside: Leonard Hyman is an accomplished electricity industry analyst and historian. I have a dog-eared copy of his 1983 work titled America’s Electric Utilities: Past, Present and Future on my library bookshelf. That frequently referenced book about the power industry is now in its 8th edition. End Aside.

The main thrust of the article is that the UK’s Hinkley Point C project proves that nuclear energy is not commercially viable. After detailing the challenges associated with that enormous project to build two 1650 MWe EPRs in a country that has not built a new nuclear plant since the 1980s, they conclude their column with the following questionable opinion.

The real point of this story is that nuclear power is not commercially viable but has become a state-sponsored technology. There is nothing wrong with state supported technology. But we could save a lot of time and money by not pretending that it is something else.

One response to an inadequately supported opinion from a generally credible source is to challenge it. Here are my contributions to the discussion. They may be a bit out of context without the corresponding comments. The last two were recently submitted and have not, as of the time this is being posted, appeared in the original comment thread.


Rod Adams on May 01 2016

Condemning nuclear energy because of capital raising challenges at Hinkley C is about as valid as declaring oil to be obsolete and uncompetitive because Petrobras hasn’t been able to raise sufficient funds to pursue its enormous off-shore discoveries — yet.

The energy market is a rough and tumble place to do business, partly because selling prices vary widely over short time spans while projects often take a decade or two to plan and complete while requiring tens of billions in risk capital.

One solution is going smaller; many innovators in nuclear are exploring technology adaptations and business models that are new to the nuclear industry.

Though Hinckley C may deserve a negative final investment decision, it’s way too early to declare nuclear fission to be an uncompetitive loser.


Rod Adams on May 02 2016

I’ve given up trying to change minds of people like Bob Wallace. He has a mission and a mantra that he repeats all over the web.

(BTW, Bob, you have Entergy and Exelon mixed up. Exelon is the largest nuclear plant operator in the US. With its recent acquisition of Constellation Energy, it now owns and operates 22 nuclear units at 15 different sites. Entergy owns 10 units and has announced plans to close 2 of them already.)

There is no doubt that sub $2/MMBTU natural gas has hurt the economics of operating nuclear plants. So has the 38% increase (after inflation) in additional capital expenditures that have been imposed by regulatory changes in the past dozen years. Those changes were not improvements in safety or security; they were pushed by anti-nuclear activists taking advantage of unrelated crises.

The two major events adding to nuclear energy costs were jet fuel laden airplanes hitting tall commercial buildings or large military headquarters and plant damage (with no negative health effects from radiation) resulting from a multi-day power failure after an enormous tsunami wave in Japan.

Nuclear technology, however, is not down and out. There are thousands of very bright people working daily to take better advantage of the natural advantages of having an energy dense, emission-free, abundant fuel source.

Long term “waste” is a manufactured issue. Unfortunately, the government and the established industry have cooperated with nuclear energy competitors to blow it entirely out of proportion.

No one has ever been harmed by accidental exposure to reusable nuclear fuel or any other products of commercial nuclear energy production. The material is only dangerous if you get too close without shielding. After a 150 years or so, the only remaining danger would come from physically ingesting lightly-used fuel rods.

Future generations will thank us if we stop consuming so much of their natural gas, oil and coal resources and instead leave both those fuels AND the already large and growing reservoir of power represented by what we, with our rather primitive nuclear technology, call “waste.”

95% of the material’s original potential energy remains in used fuel assemblies. We’ve even found a few good ways to recycle and reuse it that have — so far — been blocked by a few oil & gas dependent governments.

The US is included in that group, but changes are afoot.


Rod Adams on May 02 2016

I was curious about one of Bob Wallace’s sources — Mycle Schneider — so I did what any internet user would do.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mycle_Schneider

Here is a sample quote from the Book of Knowledge called Wikipedia:

“Mycle Schneider founded the “citizen’s science” group WISE-Paris in 1983 and directed it until 2003. Schneider has been described as an ‘Anti-Nuclear Activist’.”

He’s also “lead author of The World Nuclear Industry Status Reports” a well known series of reports that focuses on the negatives associated with nuclear without acknowledging its benefits, like massive, reliable amounts of emission-free electricity that are independent of both major oil and gas multinationals and oiligarchies (deliberate misspelling) like Kuwait and Saudi Arabia.

Schneider is famous enough to rate his own wiki page. He is an often cited “expert”. His point of view, however, is about as biased as mine, but from the opposite direction.

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Sturgis in 2014. Powered Panama Canal pumps 1968-1975. 
Reactor fuel long ago removed.

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LTBR fuel pin cross-section showing displacer, fuel core and cladding

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WIT Graph

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