On February 2, 2012, the Sierra Club allowed a Time magazine blog to break a poorly kept “secret” whose existence had threatened to get out of hand. In a post titled Exclusive: How the Sierra Club Took Millions From the Natural Gas Industry—and Why They Stopped Bryan Walsh described how one of the oldest, largest, and best endowed members of the established environmental community accepted approximately $26 million dollars during the period from 2007-2010 from executives associated with Chesapeake Energy.
The donations were specifically targeted to assist the Club in its already established Beyond Coal campaign. Though it is not earth shattering news for fossil fuel interests to donate money to a group like the Sierra Club (or Greenpeace, NRDC, Audubon, or any of dozens of similar “green” groups), those donations are generally made to the organization as a whole. Depending on the speaker’s point of view and the audience to which the donations are described, they are positioned as being an attempt to show community involvement or corporate concern for the environment or they are portrayed as virtual protection money aimed at ensuring the groups do not attack the donor too hard.
What is rare and interesting in this particular example, however, is the clear connection between the payments from Chesapeake and the actions taken by the environmental group. Apparently, Chesapeake Energy’s leadership gave Sierra tens of millions of dollars in return for both promotion of its own product – natural gas – and for attacks against coal, a rival product against which it competes for market share.
The story is made even more intriguing – for an observer like me – and disturbing – for many of the sincere, but misguided campaigners in the Club – because Chesapeake is one of the US’s leading practitioners of hydraulic fracturing (fracking) technology to extract gas from formations that others thought were not worth developing.
Many local chapters of the Sierra Club have been fighting against the devastation that the fracking industry often causes in the rural areas where its use has been rapidly increasing since 2005, when the technology received a boost from a backdoor exemption from the Clean Water Act and other federal regulations in favor of lighter, often non-existent, state and local regulations.
Sierra Club local chapters have been legitimately concerned about water use, waste water treatment, heavy truck traffic, diesel generators on the drilling sites, solid waste disposal, and the unknown concoctions of chemicals injected thousands of feet below the earth’s surface. However, their efforts to obtain assistance from the Club’s national leadership often fell on deaf ears. Instead of the requested support, they were treated to the spectacle of their leaders appearing on stage at natural gas industry conferences, joining gas industry marketing initiatives and walking as lobbyists in the halls of Congress alongside the industrial leaders whose rigs, trucks and generators were having such negative effects on their communities.
There have been some Club member defections and expressions of a strong sense of betrayal at the acknowledgement that their club of nature lovers was receiving donations that were a significant portion of the annual budget, even for a group as well-funded as Sierra, from the very industry that the local chapters were trying to hold accountable.
It is hard to resist the temptation to say “I told you so”, so I won’t. Unlike the idealistic Sierra members who feel betrayed by the recent admissions, Atomic Insights readers have heard for years that Chesapeake has openly supported Sierra’s Beyond Coal campaign and paid for television commercial with the same message. They have listened to Thomas Price, a Chesapeake VP describe how his hundred member SWAT team goes from state to state to partner with groups that are already fighting coal.
This is an exceptional opportunity for us to talk about the benefits of partnerships. We have actually been involved in a number of these efforts to try to stop the expansion of coal plants around the country. We began actually about four years ago in Texas where we developed a campaign called “Coal is Filthy”. It was a real subtle and very much appreciated in Appalachia and I am sure in Wyoming.
We’ve got about 125 rigs active across the country. It’s been said before, but the demand side of the equation is extremely important right now. I mean, this really is a zero sum game. I think that certainly there are a number of very progressive utilities out there that recognize the challenges they are facing, not only from climate change but from the Transport Rule and Clean Air Act and various others. The challenge for many of us has been to recognize the obligation that we have as producers to really engage and be more empathetic with the environmental community…
Okay – that is the end of my “told you so” gloating. It really is not becoming.
After the Time article appeared, there were also expressions of outrage from coal industry representatives and from labor leaders in coal mining areas. Those hard-nosed leaders recognize that they compete with natural gas for market share in the electric power fuel business, but they think it is unfair that their competitors have funneled money to groups that seem to be opposed to all industrial development.
In an interesting twist to the story, the speech from a coal industry leader indicated that the Sierra Club has not been the only beneficiary – the American Lung Association has also received money from natural gas industry sources, which seems to have influenced its official position on energy sources.
The American Lung Association supports the phase out of conventional coal-fired power plants as the nation transitions to a clean energy future.
The American Lung Association does not support the construction of new advanced coalbased generating facilities, including carbon capture and sequestration and integrated gasification combined cycle plants.
The American Lung Association supports the increased use of natural gas as a transitional fuel for the production of electricity, as a cleaner alternative to biomass, coal and other fossil fuels.
Before nuclear generating capacity is expanded, the American Lung Association believes that two key thresholds must be met. First, the expansion of capacity must be economically viable without direct government subsidies. Second, the nuclear industry must demonstrate that it can reduce the continuing risks to safety and the environment.
Pulling just a little harder on the hint from that last bullet statement about energy sources from the American Lung Association, please consider the following statement that was released from a Chesapeake Energy spokesman”
Over the years, Chesapeake has been proud to support a number of organizations that share our interest in clean air and agree that America’s abundant supplies of clean natural gas represent the most affordable, available and scalable fuel to power a more prosperous and environmentally responsible future for our country.
The way I parse that statement is that Chesapeake has proudly and openly donated money to a number of organizations that have promoted natural gas as a better fuel than its competitors – which includes promoting it as a better fuel for the future than uranium or thorium. Even in the case of a group whose main focus is right in nuclear energy’s “wheelhouse” of extremely low impact on air pollution, the natural gas industry money has apparently helped to sway the position statement into something that is quite negative about immediately using more nuclear energy instead of burning more natural gas.
One more amusing twist to the story is the way that conservative, free-market advocates have reacted. They are not too disturbed by the notion that a business might resort to underhanded means to gain a competitive advantage, but they have essentially told Chesapeake Energy that they have gotten what they deserve from getting in bed with the arch enemy of conservatives – the liberal, environmentally concerned Sierra Club.
Many people overlook the fact that there are rivalries among the carbon-based fuels. Oil and gas men hang together in their battle with coal. And five years ago, Chesapeake Energy — a gas company — helped underwrite the Sierra Club’s war on coal called the Beyond Coal campaign. Now, five years and $26 million later, the Sierra Club — a tax-exempt corporation that lobbies against industrial activity of any sort — is thanking Chesapeake Energy by opposing natural gas.
My theory is that there is plenty of additional information that should be discovered and discussed about the relationships between groups that fight energy developments and the industries that benefit when the supply of reliable energy fuels is not quite large enough to supply the market demand. The efforts are not progressive – they actually seek to harm most of us in order to benefit the very wealthy people at the top of the established suppliers who want to keep out the competition.
Full disclosure: I actually admire the way that Chesapeake Energy has stubbornly seen opportunities to produce natural gas in the United States at a time when most other oil and gas producers were investing tens of billions of dollars into developing natural gas sources and liquified natural gas transportation systems outside of the US. Over the years, I have made some healthy profits by investing in Chesapeake Energy stock. Though I do not currently hold any, I am considering making some future purchases because the price seems poised to increase.
ANS Nuclear Cafe (February 7, 2012) Not So Strange Bedfellows – Sierra Club accepts natural gas money
Politico (February 7, 2012) Sierra Club faces gas-cash fallout
Last week’s revelations about the 120-year-old organization’s hushed financial marriage to the natural gas industry — and its just-as-secretive divorce — have left some long-time supporters feeling angry, betrayed or misled. The news cut especially deep for activists who have spent years fighting the spread of shale gas drilling in states like New York and Pennsylvania.
The Sierra Club quietly accepted $26 million in donations from gas industry interests from 2007 to 2010 — years when the group’s national leaders were talking up gas as a cleaner, greener “bridge fuel” alternative to coal.
“I think it betrays all the grass-roots volunteers,” said Kate Bartholomew, a gas activist who is also an elected member of the executive committee that oversees the Sierra Club’s statewide chapter in New York.
Update (Posted February 12, 2012) I came across a Chron.com blog post from December 2009, right in the middle of the period when Chesapeake was a major funding source for the Sierra Club. Sierra Club’s love/hate relationship with natural gas. It talks about the national leadership’s promotion of gas while the local chapters are expressing concerns about fracking. Money often makes unusual allies.